Hygiene in the farm is of utmost importance for animal health and wellbeing. If you are new to the idea of homesteading, you might be wondering what farm animals you should raise on your farm. Not only does that animal bring a great source of income but also has a clean lifestyle to save your time and labor. Then, naturally, the question arises: “What is the cleanest farm animal?”
What is the cleanest farm animal?
Pigs are the cleanest animal on the farm. Many people have the misconception that pigs are filthy because they always roll in the mud. Contrary to popular belief, pigs are smarter and cleaner than any other domestic animal.
Forget the ridiculous saying “sweating like a pig” when they cannot even sweat! Like many animals, pigs have sweat glands only on their snouts, hence they wallow in mud whenever they have the chance to cool off their body temperature, prevent sunburn,. and discourages parasites infestation.
Their dirty appearance gives pigs an undeserved reputation for messiness. But in fact, pigs can stay dry and dirt-free if they live in a cool climate as well as covered shelter. It is shown in the fact that they never excrete anywhere near their living or eating areas.
Pigs keep their shelter clean but why do they smell so bad? Pig manure contains hundreds of compounds that combine to create the symphony of smells. Bacteria in pigs’ intestines and their environment break down the manure, releasing nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane.
There are 2 ways to control the pigs’ odor.
- Use phase-feeding to increase nutrient efficiency and decrease nutrient excretions.
- Use proper pelleting or grinding feed to improve digestibility and lessen nitrogen excretion.
- Add the enzyme phytase to diet to help pigs digest phosphorus sources more effectively and release less hydrogen-sulfide gas. And make sure to choose the best pig feeder on the market, it will save much money for you!
- Locate the pig-raising areas properly to minimize human contact with offensive odors.
- Divert runoff and rainwater to keep their areas drier and help control smell.
- Move pigs through forage paddocks helps deter odors and distribute manure fertilizer.
Other facts about pigs
Pigs are misunderstood in many ways, so I gathered up here some amazing facts about them that will take your breath away:
Pigs are the brains of the farmyard.
Their intelligence is higher than a dog’s and ranks between the top 4 and the top 7 of the most intelligent animals on Earth. Pigs also have such a good memory. They can remember things for several years and can quickly recognize objects.
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Pigs have average eyesight, but an exceptional sense of smell.
Their sensitive snout is a highly developed sense organ that enables pigs to locate and uncover tasty treats. Pigs use their snouts to search, or root for food to something that is up to 25 feet underground. Due to their powerful sense of smell, pigs used to be trained like dogs to search for truffles in wars.
They do not “pig out”.
Pigs have a reputation for being greedy and dirty eaters, but the truth is pigs just have one stomach (compared to four in cattle) and chiefly like to dine on roots and vegetables. However, they often accept everything that will be offered to them. Pigs are naturally skinny if they are not overfed by humans.
Pigs are incredibly dynamic and social creatures.
Contrary to many people’s beliefs, they love human companies and enjoy the attention. Furthermore, pigs love to lie down against each other, cuddled up nose-to-nose, and hang out together.
Pigs are good mothers and develop strong bonds with their children.
Just like human mothers. The mother will stay isolated in her nest with her newborns for 2 weeks to wean her babies and teach them how to survive.
Pigs have peaceful behavior.
They only show aggression when they or their piglets are threatened. They convey their greetings, warnings, how they are feeling, and when it is time for dinner by grunts, snorts, snarls, and squeaks.
Pigs have personalities and emotions.
Pigs can feel happiness, sorrow, pain and awareness of their suffering and losses. They are sensitive animals and can be bored, anxious, and depressed when confined to overcrowded spaces and mistreated.
Good hygiene can help pigs thrive. If they are given the freedom to roam and adequate space, pigs will not defecate near their raising areas or have bad smells. Hopefully, after reading this article you know what the cleanest farm animal is and some incredible facts about pigs. So, why don’t you start to grow out market pigs right away to put some cash in your pocket?